Introduction: Pétanque the French game 

You shoot or you point?”

(Tu tires ou tu pointes)

This is the question you will always hear around a pétanque field in France. Probably the sport that couldn’t be more French: La pétanque (or Boules). This sport belongs to the French culture, and French people particularly love to play during summer.

So,

1- What is la pétanque?

Pétanque or Boules is a French sport invented in the early 20th century in the south of France. Many French areas have invented their own rules. The aim is to shoot, or roll a number of steel balls (“boules”) as close as possible to a small wooden target ball, called “cochonnet” (French for “piglet”).

There are two teams facing of two or three players. You can also play one versus one but to me it is less fun. The team throwing their “boules” is the one that do not hold (“Tenir”) the cochonnet. This means that the team does not have a ball closer to the cochonnet than the other team. (If you are the closest to the cochonnet, you don’t play)

You can also hear on the pétanque court:

“Est-ce que tu tiens?”

Literally translated would gives “Do you hold it?”

2 – How do you play pétanque?
There are two types of players. You might be better in one of the two categories.

First category is a question of aiming. The player has to point, he has to get as close as he can with his balls (Don’t worry French people make a lot of jokes about it) to the cochonnet. In case of success, the team is taking the lead and won’t have to play until the other team succeed in getting closer. This role is about delicatess 🙂

On the other hand, there is the shooter. His mission is to hit the ball of the opposite team to throw it away.
Here is a video of how to shoot:

3 – What are the rules of the pétanque?
The goal is to reach first 13 points. At the end of a set (There are as many as you want), the two teams check which team has the closest ball to the cochonnet. For example, if the two closest balls belong to the team number1, then the team number1 made two points for the set. Also, the team throwing the cochonnet starts the set.

Moreover, the cochonnet can be moved by the balls, the game will continues except if the cochonnet goes beyond the limits of the court. In that case, two different endings: the two teams have still balls to play, in that case you have to start again a new set. The other case, one of the two teams does not have balls, the other team earn points by the number of balls they still have.

4 – When and where do you play pétanque?
French people tend to play it during summer during the afternoon or the evening. The perfect court to play boules is a flat court flat without stones.

In conclusion, it is almost impossible to meet a French that never play pétanque in his life. French people would be happy to teach you how to play it and you might have fun playing it. Pétanque can be played by everybody, and you do not need excellent physical condition to play it. I invite you to read an article about a popular sport event in France 7 Fun facts about the Tour de France

Did you know this French game? Do you want to know new things about the French culture? Let me know in the comment section! 🙂